Maurang Grammar


Case Morphology

Most dialects of Maurang have fives cases: Absolutive, Ergative, Dative, Genitive, and Oblique. In a few peripheral dialects, the Genitive may be starting to supplant the Ergative, but the vast majority of speakers still distinguish the two and would regard a failure to do so as an error.

Although there is a tiny bit of dialectal variation in the case endings, the most typical forms are those listed in the table below:

Ergative -yd
Dative -(ə)jny
Genitive -an
Oblique -(ə)wə

In earlier versions of the language (and possibly in a couple of very small in-universe dialects), the Oblique case ending was -əəwə, which is not permitted under the phonotactics of the "standard" language.

Possessive Suffixes

More information on these forthcoming.


A complete list of these is best saved for the lexicon, but there are a number of generalizations that can be made about Maurang prepositions that deserve further discussion here. First of all, locational prepositions, with a few exceptions, generally don't encode any information about the direction of motion (towards or away from the object of the preposition) or whether the location indicated is meant to be static. Instead, that information is encoded by case endings, with the Dative being used for motion towards, the Genitive for motion away from, and the Oblique for a static location. The preposition encodes only the static, spatial relationship between the location being discussed and the noun in question.


Person and Number Marking

Clusivity is distinguished in the first-person plural, although younger speakers may sometimes fail to make the distinction between inclusive and exclusive forms due to influence from Eketai.

Singular Plural
First Person Inclusive (N/A) -kysh
Exclusive -(ə)l -mar
Second Person -(ə)q -(ə)wəthw
Third Person -aj

Tense and Aspect

The default, unmarked tense in Maurang is the present. In addition, there are there other marked tenses: Perfect, Imperfect, and Future.

Perfect -yk-
Imperfect -(ə)v-
Future -sca-

Verbs of Motion

Maurang is almost exclusively satellite-framed, with verbs encoding manner and little or no information about path. Path is expressed via case endings and prepositions.


Maurang is ergative and generally head-initial, with adjectives and possessives following nouns and the default sentence word order being VSO (really VAE).